Diuretics for High Blood Pressure
Diuretics are quite famous with people and doctors prescribe them quite often. These are commonly known as "water pill" as they help in excreting extra sodium and water from the body in the form of urine. It helps in easy blood pumping because you have less fluid in your blood vessel that's not entirely turned on. They are also the first choice of medication used for controlling your high blood pressure.
These are some of the diuretics used
- Chlorthalidone (Hygroton)
- Hydrochlorothiazide HCTZ (Esidrix, Hydrodiuril)
- Metolazone (Mykroz, Zaroxolyn)
These can be taken with medication as well. It actually helps when combined with others.
When you consult your doctor please mention any other medicines that you might be on or taking either herbal or any other because it may hamper with the treatment of high blood pressure. Also, the doctor will monitor your blood pressure regularly with intervals and check your blood and urine for levels of specific minerals and will see how well the kidney is working. Your doctor will also start you on a low sodium diet and low salt intake. Also, you might want to eat foods containing more potassium as the diuretics pull potassium out, therefore, eat bananas, lentils, and sweet potatoes. Also, you can take potassium containing drugs like Lasix or Furosemide.
- Loss of appetite
- Dry mouth or increased thirst
- Irregular heartbeat
- Muscle cramps or pain
- muscle cramps
- skin rash
- raised blood sugar levels
- problems with erections in men
Diuretics are not recommended for pregnant and breast feeding women and people who are allergic because some diuretics are sulfa drugs and may cause fainting and dizziness. Children can take them but in small doses.
Regular monitoring of blood pressure is necessary to ensure that the medicine is indeed working and lowering the blood pressure. Follow up is very important in cases like this. Do not forget your appointment with your doctor as it very crucial to recovering. Also call your doctor immediately if you feel uncomfortable or you have trouble breathing and see swelling of face, tongue, lips, and throat.
Before taking any other medicines with diuretics you need to consult your doctor. Also if you are using thiazide diuretic with a beta blocker should always consult the doctor or pharmacist as it may increase the risk of diabetes in you. If you start using diuretics you should not stop the treatment in between thinking you are cured because the wellness lies in complete treatment and course and if you stop using it without consulting your doctor your blood pressure will rise and you will suffer again after sometime. If you still have doubts or concern contact your doctor.